Ptolemy VI Philometer

(c. 186–145 BC)
   Son of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. He succeeded in 180 BC at a young age under the regency of his mother and later courtiers. When Egypt was threatened by Antiochus IV, the royal family was united through his marriage to his sister, Cleopatra II, in 176 BC and their joint rule together with his brother, Ptolemy VIII, beginning in 170 BC. He was briefly captured and then released by Antiochus IV during the latter’s invasion in 169 BC, and his rule was restored by a Roman ultimatum to the Syrian king to withdraw from Egypt in 168 BC after a second invasion. His reign was undermined by war with his brother, who was expelled to Cyrene in 163 BC. Ptolemy VI attempted to regain Egyptian possessions in Syria in 145 BC but died of wounds sustained in a battle near Antioch in which his forces were victorious. His elder son, Ptolemy Eupator, died during his lifetime, so he was initially succeeded by his younger son, Ptolemy VII.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
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see Ptolemy VIII.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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